Back to N.S.P.C.B. First Page
July - August - September - Summer 2005
National Society for the preservation of Covered Bridges
David W. Wright, President|
P.O. Box 171
Westminster, VT 05158
44 Cleveland Ave.
Worcester, MA 01603
Carmela Sciandra, Newsletter Ed.|
P.O. Box 398026
Cambridge, MA 02139
Send dues to: |
4856 Spencers Oaks Blvd
Pace, FL 32571
73 Ash Street
Manchester, NH 03104-4906
KC Klingensmith, Newsletter Ed.|
P.O. Box 425193
Cambridge, MA 02142
David Topham, Treasurer, Nov thru April only: 11707 Oakmont Ct., Fort Myers, FL
May thru Oct: 45 Village Way No. 50, Rockport, ME 04856-3805, 207-596-7472
MEETINGS and EVENTS for 2005
Sunday, July 24 Meeting will be held at the Contoocook Railroad Bridge,
Hopkinton, NH. We will have lunch at noon before the meeting at the pizza place next to the
Sunday. August 28 Annual picnic in Westminster, VT. Cookout at noon,
meeting at l pm.
Sunday. September 25 at 1 pm Henniker, NH at the covered bridge on the
NE College campus. We may be joined by the Henniker Historical Society and representatives
from the college.
Sunday. October 16 NSPCB Annual Meeting at the French King
Restaurant in Millers Falls, MA. See last page of newsletter for dinner reservation coupon and
The next newsletter is scheduled for October 2005. Therefore, anyone wishing to submit any
photos, articles, etc. should submit them to Carmela or KC by September 20, 2005. Any
newspaper or magazine articles must include source information and details (such as name of
publication, date, etc.). Electronic submissions are preferred. THANK YOU!
Return to top
Return to top
A MESSAGE FROM YOUR PRESIDENT
Dear Fellow Members, Greetings:
At this time of year, it is my task to remind each and every one of you that, in principle, your
membership in the National Society expires with the current issue of Topics and the
Newsletter. I have said 'in principle,' because some of you like to pay in advance, as it
were: some of you in other words like to sign up for several years at a stretch. For the rest of us,
however, it is the moment to rejoin, and in this particular context, please permit me to express the
fervent hope that most of you shall choose to remain with the Society. The Society needs all of
you, of course, and most especially, our Covered Bridges need you! As I have often remarked
before, there is much strength to be had in numbers.
Also, at this time of year, I want to appeal to all of you who are in a position to be able to, to
make as large a contribution to our Eastrnan- Thomas Fund for Covered Bridge Preservation as
you can. Please remember, when reflecting upon whether or not to donate, some of our recent
successes, successes made possible because of the existence of the Eastman-Thomas Fund: for
example, 1) by the end of August, the Contoocook Covered Railroad Bridge in Hopkinton, New
Hampshire, shall have been stabilized, its geometry corrected -- it is currently a little bit out of
square - and the span itself shall by then have been placed on restored corbels and bed timbers,
and 2) by the same date, the hardware of the arsoned Wooden Pony Truss Railroad Bridge at
Gorham, New Hampshire, plus this span's floor joists, shall have been salvaged and stored in a
safe location, which fact will permit of future reconstruction of the structure, if only sufficient
funds can some day be raised for that specific purpose.
Finally, on a somewhat different but by no means unimportant subject, the National Society is
presently looking for a volunteer to take over selling postcards for us. You see, our membership
Chairman Pauline Prideaux, is, as most of you may already know, moving to Florida. Amongst the
many things Pauline Prideaux has done for the Society over the years is the selling of our
postcards. Since the Prideauxs will be living in smaller quarters down in Florida, Pauline has
asked to be relieved of this responsibility. As the profits from the sale of our postcards are turned
over to the Eastman-Thomas Fund for Covered Bridge Preservation, it is much in the interest of
the Society -- and of our Covered Bridges! -- that these sales should continue. Any member
wishing to help the Society out by taking over where Pauline has left off, please contact me at
Post Office Box 171 , Westminster, Vermont 05158-0171, or by telephone at 1-802-722-4040.
Transferring our stock of postcards would be made easier if whoever volunteers for this job were
to live a reasonable car trip distance away from Westminster.
Until the next time then, Happy Bridging.
Sincerely, Your President
David W. Wright,
President, National Society for the Preservation of Covered Bridges, Incorporated
Spanning New York State|
Covered Bridge News
By Bob and Trish Kane
Buskirk Covered Bridge -- NY 32-42-02/58-04 The Buskirk Covered Bridge is
once again standing tall and proud thanks to the combined efforts of Willie Grimmke,
Superintendent of Public Works of Washington County and the Alpine Construction Company
from Stillwater, NY and countless other individuals involved in the rehabilitation of this bridge.
Congratulations and a big thank you goes out to each of you for saving yet another one of our
covered bridges. The Buskirk covered bridge opened to traffic once again on April 1, 2005.
During a recent trip to Vermont we stopped by to see the bridge and were very impressed!
As you can see by the photos, this bridge looks magnificent now and even more important, it is
safe for traffic. There is a weight restriction on the bridge that we certainly hope will be adhered
to. The day we visited you could tell the bridge had just recently been painted, except for the
white trim. Congratulations to Willie Grimmke and the Alpine Construction Company for their
excellent work on this bridge.
|Buskirk Bridge 32-42-02/58-04|
Photo by Bob &
Trish Kane, May 14, 2005
Buskirk Bridge 32-42-02/58-04|
Photo by Bob & Trish Kane, May 14,
Beyond New York
Alabama -- It isn't often I can report news on our covered bridges in the south, and now
that I can, it is only to report the loss of one. The Salem-Shotwell Covered Bridge (AL 01-41-
04) in east Lee County, Alabama collapsed on Saturday June 4, 2005. A tree fell on a portion of
the bridge Friday evening and then around 1:00 pm Saturday, the entire bridge fell into
Wacoochee creek leaving the bridge in total ruins.
Canada -- A new book! Les ponts couverts au Quebec. The first complete book
about wooden covered bridges in Quebec. This book is a Quebec's Department of Transportation
project however, most of the book was written by Gerald Arbour, former President of Quebec's
Covered Bridge Society. You can order by calling this toll free number 1-888-746-2283, ext. 227.
Please use this ISBN number when ordering: 2-551-19636-1. Congratulations,
Indiana -- By now you have all heard of the terrible loss of the Bridgeton Covered
Bridge in Parke County Indiana on April 28, 2005 due to arson. What a terrible shame
. Jesse Payne was formally charged in Parke County Circuit Court of two charges of
arson. Charge #1: Arson Class B Felony of the Bridgeton Bridge. Charge #2: Attempted Arson
Class B Felony of the Mansfield Bridges. His sentence could be 6-20 years for each count with a
$10,000 bond. If you would like to follow what is happening in this case, as well as the rebuilding
of the Bridgeton Covered bridge, visit this web site often:
Pennsylvania -- We all know one of the best ways to preserve our covered bridges is
to educate our children about their historical significance, and teacher Tom Rosencrans of the
Priestley Elementary School in Northumberland, PA is doing just that. During a recent visit by his
fifth-grade class to the Keefer Station Covered Bridge, Tom assured his students that there was
plenty to study besides the messages scrawled by vandals on the historic structure. The field trip
was intended to give students an up-close look at the architecture of the bridge as part of a unit
on covered bridges developed by Tom through the Partners in History program. The Partners in
History program is a professional development program for 15 teachers developed by the State
Museum of Pennsylvania in partnership with the Central Susquehanna Intermediate Unit.
Teachers complete an orientation day at the intermediate unit, a two-day symposium at the
museum and a week's residence at the museum. The teachers then create curriculum activities
using objects and documents from the museum's Pennsylvania history collection. For covered
bridges, Tom used correspondence written by bridge designer Theodore Burr. Weeks before they
traveled to see the covered bridge, the pupils began learning how they were built by building
model bridges. Wouldn't it be super if we could get programs of this type in all our schools! Our
children would certainly come away with a better understanding of just how important our
covered bridges are and hopefully, have a greater appreciation for them. Thanks, Tom!
Virginia - Leola Pierce is at it again! This lady just doesn't quit when it comes to
Virginia's Covered Bridges. Leola just finished her second book, Covered Bridges in Virginia
-- Nine Old Ladies in the Slow Lane! You can order this book on line at:
www.authorhouse.com. Please use this ISBN number when ordering: 1-4208-3998-5.
Update on Covered Spans of Yesteryear
By Bill Caswell, Webmaster for CSOY Project
On May 7th, we had the honor of offering a presentation at the Vermont Covered Bridge
Society's Annual Meeting in Lyndonville. The program began with a description the Covered
Spans of Yesteryear project followed by pictures and stories of covered bridges lost in the 1927
Since our last update, our knowledge of Oregon
structures has been enhanced tremendously thanks to research provided by Bill Cockrell of the
Covered Bridge Society of Oregon. The website now includes 638 covered bridges for that state.
When you get a few moments, be sure to visit the website (www.lostbridges.org) and see our
progress to date.
If you live in Vermont or will be traveling in the
area during late June, consider a stop at the Vermont History Expo in Tunbridge during the
weekend of June 25 & 26. We will be sharing a booth with the Vermont Covered Bridge Society
and showing pictures of long gone Vermont bridges. For more information about the expo, see
their website - http://www.vermonthistory.org/expo/
His Work Bridges Art and Engineering
Walter Carlson's lovingly crafted models grace museums across New England.
by By Field Editor Linda Rinta, West Wareham, Massachusetts
WHEN Walter Carlson taught high school carpentry classes, he had his students build models
of houses when they couldn't work outside in the winter. Little did he suspect that model building
might one day help save his life.Therapy Bridge
"Back in 1995 and '96, I had chemotherapy once a
week for 14 months," he remembers. "It made me so sick, I didn't even know if I wanted to go
on. The doctor said I needed to find something I loved to do and asked me, "Did you ever think
about building models of covered bridges?"
"It's funny, because I'd always built models of houses.
And I had hundreds of pictures of covered bridges my wife and I had taken through the years. But
I never thought about putting the two together."
Once he did, there was no stopping him. He fought
through chemotherapy and has gone on to complete more than 40 exact replicas of historic
Walter's first "therapy bridge" was a scale model of
the Cilleyville Bog Bridge in Cilleyville, New Hampshire. With help from his brother John, he
took pictures of the bridge and developed plans. Over hundreds of hours, Walter re-created the
bridge from scratch. Ironically, while the original bridge has fallen into disrepair, Walter's model is
still lovingly displayed in museums and shows throughout New England and Florida.
It's hard to believe the amazing detail he puts into
each replica until you see it with your own eyes. Walter starts with actual blueprints when he can
get them. He usually scales everything to 1 inch per foot, except for the bridge's length, which he
shortens to « inch per foot.
Then he cuts cedar trees from his back yard in the
country near Raynam, Massachussetts and mills the fragrent wood into miniature beams, planks
and shingles. And finally, he pegs them together with hundreds of wooden pegs, or trunnels.
When he's done, the scale models are nearly perfect in
Walter says his most ambitious project to date was
the Slate Bridge in Swanzy, New Hampshire. Built in 1842, the historic landmark was destroyed
by fire in1993. His precision model became a focal point in the fund-raising campaign to rebuild
Working from the blueprints, Walter put more than
200 hours of meticulous handcraft into a 7-foot-long, 2-foot-high replica. "It took me 13 hours
just to cut the roof shingles," he says. "There are 4,560 of them."
When he finally finished his model after 3 months of
work, it toured for 18 months as part of the fund-raising effort. "after all the research I did, I felt
like I got to personally know the old bridge and its stories," he says.
So it was with a great sense of triumph that Walter
and his wife Virginia, visited Swanzy during reconstruction and took part in the dedication
ceremony as the "historic" new bridge reopened to traffic.
"After that, one museum after another heard about me
and wanted a model. I've been busy ever since," Walter adds.
He built replicas of the Drewsville Bridge on the
Vermont/New Hampshire border; Meade Bridge in Proctor, Vermont, Keniston Bridge in
Andover, New Hampshire; Clarkes' Trading Post Bridge in North Woodstock, New Hampshire;
Twin Silos Bridge in Wilmington, Vermont; and the Fairway Bridge in Hopington, New
Hampshire to name a few.
Walter carries his bridges with him to Florida in the
winters and has won ribbons at artisan shows in Sarasota.
One of only a few covered bridge model makers in the
country, he's an active member of the National Society for the Preservation of Covered Bridges.
In his lectures at schools, churches and civic organizations, he expresses concern over the rate at
which vandalism and neglect are destroying historic bridges.
So he's doing everything he can to save his rickety old
friends. After all, they did the same for him.
[Country Extra, March 2005. Reprinted with permission from Country Extra
Covered Bridge Manual available|
NOTICE: Covered Bridge Manual -- in print and available for free. As noted previously
herein, Phil Pierce, Consulting Engineer and covered bridge specialist, and his team, have
completed preparation of the new manual for the Federal Highway Administration. With major
focus on the engineering and construction of covered bridges, it also includes diverse information
and should be a good reference for anyone interested in covered bridges. To request your free
copy, write to John O'Fallon at the Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, FHWA, 6300
Georgetown Pike, McLean, VA 22101 or send an email to John.O'Fallon@fhwa.dotgov
A one-day seminar will be held in Indianapolis on August 2m regarding the release of the Covered
Bridge Manual. Information will be forth coming. Advance information may be obtained by
emailing Keith Hoernschemeyer of the Federal Highway Administration (keith.hoernschemeyer@
fhwa.dotgov) who is coordinating the event
The Building of a Covered Bridge Model|
by Richard H. Martin
What does it take to build a model of a covered bridge? A lot of patience and, of course,
knowledge of the construction along with photographs of details helps.
I built this model (see photo below) out of what we call sugar pine (balsam fir). It is a soft
and easy to work with. It bonds good with glue, which absorbs into the wood.
The scale which I used was 1/2 inch to the foot which makes it an easy scale to work with.
model is 22" x 8" at the floor line and 12" high over-all. The model represents a 44-foot span.
I chose multi-king post with a burr arch -- I've photographed many of them. It was one of my
favorite constructions. The Zacke Cox Bridge, Parke Co. Indiana (14-61-11) is one of them. Each
rafter and king post was put in a jig so they were exact size. The flooring is laid cross-wise of
The roof boards are splayed apart similarly to when they were used for wooden shingles. The
boards run length-wise of the bridge.
What to use for shingles? I picked up a piece of Formica counter-topping: There was my
The Formica was dark brown on the underside which makes the shingle look natural.
Each shingle was cut 3/4" long and 3/8" wide. The Formica was 1/16" thick. With the help of
Elmer's Glue, I glued all 1480 shingle (count them if you can!) on the roof board. I used a
to keep the rows straight. At first, I laid the shingle even at the bottom edge. It didn't look right
I staggered every-other shingle 1/32" of an inch. They look more natural.
For wooden (tree-nails) I used round tooth picks, bored a hole the size of the tooth picks,
glued the tooth picks and inserted in the hole. With the aid of a side shaper, I cut each end off
almost flush then sanded off rough edges to give a natural look.
If I were to build a real covered bridge where would I build it? What would I name it? The
answer -- two miles east of Tyner, Indiana in Polk Township, Marshall Co. The comer of my
farm was four comers. 100-feet north ofthe comer was a type of steel bridge, another bridge was
east, and two more were 1/8 mile and another 1/4 mile south. All 4 bridges were painted black.
the community became known as "black bridge comers." Thus the name of the model. The
span Pine creek.
The first bridge was at the comer of my father's farm. As a lad, I use to play around these
The steel bridges are long gone. Replaced by concrete bridges today.
If I were to build a real bridge, I'd build it at the four comers, thus the name "black bridge
I started this model in 1972. I tell people I have $5 worth of material and 500 hours "labor of
I never got around to putting siding on the model. I kind of like looking at the side view
construction. Now at age 93-years-old, my eyes are getting dim with age so it will be my
So..I say to the covered bridge Society, see you down the road at the next bridge!
Photo by Duane Locke.
WORLD GUIDE or INDEX TO COVERED BRIDGE TOPICS
Both are now available on computer diskette in either Mac or PC format. Please specify your
choice. It is in a compressed format to fit on a PC computer disc. You must have Zip Software to
decompress it. If you do not have the Zip software, Joe will send you a copy. The TOPICS
index includes: Table of Contents for each issue, an index to subjects and authors, as well as
more. The World Guide is kept up-to-date and in the regular format. Order your choice at
$5.00 each from Joseph Cohen, 130 Westfield Drive, Holliston, MA 01746 from mid-April until
mid-September. The rest of the year he can be reached at 210 Wellington F, West Palm Beach,
Book's Bridge a.k.a. the Kaufman Covered Bridge. Photos by George Eysenbach, March
2005. The bridge is a mile west of Blain on Three Springs Road in Jackson Twp and celebrated its
re-opening in October 2004.
Alfred E.Brigham Obituary|
Dick Roy reports that another of our valued members, Alfred E. Brigham, has crossed the portal
to the unknown. Al became a member in the early 1960s, probably in 1962. If this is the case, he
would have been a member for 43 years. This is before even June & Dick Roy became members in
1964. We want to thank his daughter Nancy for passing along the information. Our thoughts and
prayers go out to his family.
The Philadelphia Inquirer, April 6, 2005, Two Men Get Prison for Bridge
Blaze. Two young men must each pay $35,000 each, serve several months in prison, and
perform community service for burning a hole in the Knecht's Covered Bridge in Springfield
Township on August 31, 2004.
The Eagle, March 31, 2005, The Historic Buskirk Bridge will Open for
Traffic. Following an inspection of the bridge, the Superintendent of Public Works for
Washington County announced that the reconstructed Buskirk Bridge was scheduled to re-open
to traffic on Friday, April 1.
Opelika-Auburn News, June 5, 2005, Salem-Shotwell Covered Bridge
Collapses. The 75-foot bridge which crossed the Wacoochee Creek collapsed and completely
fell into the creek after a tree had fallen on it.
Winteset Madisonian, Iowa, March 30, 2005, Forest Service Grant to Monitor
Covered Bridge. Fiber optic lines, infrared and ultraviolet camera systems and a flame
detector are being considered to be installed in hidden recesses of the Cedar Bridge. This high-
tech remote security monitoring system is designed to notify officials in case of a problem.
The Hartford Courant, June 3, 2005, State Promises Speedy Bridge Repairs.
The Comstock Covered Bridge, built in 1791, is scheduled to be repaired and re-opened to
visitors by July 4th. The bridge which spans the Salmon River, has been closed to pedestrians
since March 16 after structural problems were found.
Tribune-Star,Indiana, May 13, 2005, Suspect Charged in Arson of Bridge.
Jesse L. Payne is accused of setting fire to the historic Bridgeton Covered Bridge, built in 1868,
during the early morning hours of April 28. He is also accused of attempting to bum the Mansfield
Covered Bridge the same day.
CONTRIBUTORS: George Eysenbach, Dick Wilson, Bill Caswell, James Crouse,
A MESSAGE FROM THE MEMBERSHIP
|The Remains of Bridgeton Covered Bridge. Photo by
This will be your last Topics/Newsletter. When you read this notice and see
(05) on the mailing label, it means that your dues are due. If (05) does not show up then you are
paid through June 2006. Please look at the following information and write me a note with your
renewal. Please be prompt, if possible, in order that Topics and the Newsletter be delivered by
bulk mail process. Thank you very much for your cooperation.ALL DONATIONS ARE TAX DEDUCTIBLE
Please print your name and address as you wish it to appear on our records and on your
Annual membership (family or individual)|
all living at the same address
Canadian Postage Supplement
European Postage Supplement
Single Life Membership
Mr. & Mrs. Life Membership
OPTIONAL DONATIONS FOR BRIDGE PRESERVATION (Harold F. Eastman Memorial
Howe Truss Contribution
Burr Truss Contribution|
Town Lattice Contribution
Haupt Truss Contribution
Whipple Truss Contribution
PLEASE MAKE CHECKS OR MONEY ORDERS TO N.S.P.C.B. INC. and mail to:ADDRESS CHANGE - MEMBERSHIP DUES
4856 Spencers Oaks Blvd
Pace, FL 32571
Every year over $1,000 is remitted towards the Harold F. Eastman Fund from Optional
Donations. Please help keep the fund afloat for Bridge Preservation.
50th ANNIVERSARY ITEMS
We are very happy to have to offer a couple of items in commemoration of the 50th
Anniversary of the National Society for the Preservation of Covered Bridges.
Tote Bag - Has the National Society for the Preservation of Covered Bridges
emblem in dark blue on front pocket measuring 12 1 /2" by 15 1 /2" with a top snap and 20"
handle straps. Available for $15 including shipping
Ornament -Also has the Society emblem. It's a 3" round glass maroon ornament with
the emblem in gold. Available for $7 including shipping
Pens -Pens have "I love Covered Bridges - N.S.P.C.B." written on them. Available
for $1.25 including shipping.
You may want to have them all. One of each tote, ornament and pen will be available for $20
including shipping. They are great gifts for family, friends and other bridgers. We have a limited
supply, so please order yours today.
PLEASE MAKE CHECKS OR MONEY ORDERS TO N.S.P.C.B. INC and mail
4856 Spencers Oaks Blvd
Pace, FL 32571
The following are items still available through the Society: All of the items below are available
from June Roy, 73 Ash Street, Manchester, NH 03104-4906 or E-mail
The Book, Life in the Slow Lane is still available for $16.95 + $3.95
Shipping and Handling.
Society Arm Patch with N.S.P.C.B. logo 3" arm patch available for $1.75 + 55 cents
Books Available by Andrew Howard:
CB's of Madison County IA, A Guide . . . . . .$6.50
CBs of Connecticut, A Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . $5.50
CB's of Virginia, A Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $6.95
CB's of Bennington County VT, A Guide . . . $6.50
CB's of Massachusetts, A Guide . . . . . . . . . .$7.00
There is a $2.00 postage and handling charge for each book.
Covered Bridge Polo Shirts with N.S.P.C.B. Logo.
For a white Polo Shirt with a blue NSPCB logo, send $15.00 plus $3.95 for shipping and
to June Roy, 73 Ash Street, Manchester NH 03104-4906. Specify, Medium or
Extra Large. This is a fund raiser for the preservation fund. Buy several as gifts
for your family and friends. Shirts are 100% pre-shrunk cotton.
Other available books from the Society Store
Covered Bridges of Vermont by Ed Barna. This is a book depicting all the covered bridges in
Vermont in the year 1996. Postpaid $17.00 (From June Roy)|
There is also an excellent book out on Vermont Covered Bridges called, "Spanning Time --
Vermont's Covered Bridges." You can get a copy by contacting Joseph Nelson, 2 Sugar Hill
Road, Underhill VT 05489 or visit www.vermontbridges.com. Joseph Nelson is
the President of the Vermont Society.
New book by Joseph Conwill: Images of America, "VERMONT COVERED BRIDGES." It
sells for $19.99 plus $3.00 shipping and handling.
A DVD: "Spanning Time: America's Covered Bridges"
A television documentary on covered bridge culture, issues and restoration is currently being
made available to members at a cost of $24.00 including postage and handling. The Treasurer has
reviewed the DVD and assures you that it is of excellent quality and interest. This DVD
prominently features the society's president, David W. Wright.
Please send your check payable to NSPCB to:
David A. Topham, NSPCB Treasurer, 45 Village Way #50, Rockport, ME 04856
NSPCB ANNUAL DINNER|
Sunday, October 16, 2005 at 12:00 noon
This is the Annual Meeting and is being held on October 16th at the French King Restaurant
Route 2 in Millers Falls, MA. See dinner reservations and application below.
The French King Restaurant is located at the east end of the French King Bridge. The well
landmark carries Massachusetts Rout,e 2 over the Connecticut River near Millers Falls, at a very
picturesque spot. The dinner will be served at 12:00 noon and meeting will follow at 1 :00 P.M.
Our speaker this year is still To Be Announced.
Cut off here or reproduce and send along with your check or money order.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Dinner Reservation coupon for October 16,2005 annual meeting. To be returned with
as designated below. Please return no later than October 10. 2005.
_____Whole Boneless Breast of Chicken
_____with stuffing and gravy. . . . . . . . .$19.95
_____ Yankee Pot Roast. . . . . . . . . . .. .$19.95
_____ Baked Haddock au Gratin. . . . .. $19.95
_____ Fisherman Casserole. . . . . . . . . . $19.95
P.O. Box 398026
Cambridge, MA 02139
Make checks payable to N.S.P.C.B. Inc.
Return to top
Joe Nelson, P.O Box 267, Jericho, VT 05465-0267
This web site page was coded by J.C. Nelson. The content is the intellectual property of the
National Society for the Preservation of Covered Bridges, Inc. and its membership.
This file posted August 9, 2005