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INSIDE THIS ISSUE:
POLAND BRIDGE 1ST PHASE COMPLETED, SECOND PHASE MEETING HELD. POLAND BRIDGE STABILIZED
JOHNSON SELECTBOARD MEETS TO DECIDE ON BRIDGE POWER HOUSE COVERED BRIDGE DOWN DUE TO SNOW-LOAD
WESTFORD'S COVERED BRIDGE NEARLY READY TO MOVE
TOWN OF DANVILLE GETS GRANT FOR GREENBANKS HOLLOW BRIDGE
MT. ABRAHAM UNION HIGH SCHOOL'S APPLIED ARCHITECTURE II CLASS STUDIES COVERED BRIDGES
DELAWARE MAN DEDICATED TO COUNTY'S COVERED BRIDGES
LAMOILLE COUNTY COVERED BRIDGE TOUR and VCBS 2nd All Member Meeting! July 14 & 15
COVERED BRIDGE TOUR PLANNED IN MONTGOMERY VCBS INVITED TO VHS EXPO 2001
JOIN US! - HAMDEN COVERED BRIDGE DEDICATION JULY 28 BRIDGE TALK - See Index Page VOLUNTEERS WANTED! LETTERS
2ND PHASE MEETING HELD
Cambridge Junction, April 5, 2001 - With the first phase of the project to preserve the failing Poland Covered Bridge very nearly complete, VTrans Structures Project Manager David Hoyne called an on-site meeting to exchange ideas about plans for the second phase.
The project's first phase was designed to strengthen the over-stressed bridge and to raise it three feet higher over the abutments to avoid losing the bridge to the expected spring high water.
From right to left:
John Weaver, Mark Canavant, David Hoyne,
Bob McCullough, Susan Scribner, Ray Hayes,
Warren Trip, Neil Daniels, Matt Holden,
Ron Bechard, and Eric Gilbertson.→
The work on the bridge will be done in two stages under separate contracts, said Hoyne. The first stage will stabilize and raise the bridge to protect it from high water, ice and flotsam. The second stage will restore the bridge to carry light traffic.
The funds for the work on the bridge came from the $10 million National Historic Bridge Program announced by Senator James Jeffords last August. The $1 million provided for the Cambridge Junction Bridge was received by the Vermont Agency of Transportation in August to be immediately available to allow steps to be taken to ensure that the bridge survived the winter. An estimated $200,000 was earmarked for the first phase of the project; to stabilize the structure against heavy snow load or additional ice damage.
The first phase was to be complete by March 30. The plans and specifications for the second stage must be complete by September 1. Then the project will be advertised and bid packages sent out to the contractors for a completion date of the following fall. The second phase plans must be completed by September to keep the funding.
The second phase of the project is to be designed to restore the bridge and open it for light traffic.
"As you know," said Hoyne, "We have received some money to repair the structure, and the agency also has put together a covered bridge committee, and many of the members are here today. The covered bridge committee is in the process of developing a plan for how to deal with various covered bridges, the various uses, the various treatment options. This is really one of the first few cases where we want to look at the structure and evaluate the repair strategy with this preservation plan we're trying to put in place.
"I want to open the meeting up to everybody to see how we are going to go about meeting the goals and objectives of this project. You can see by looking at the structure that it's racked laterally, the truss also has a lateral sweep to it. The bottom chord also has a vertical sag.
"What we are trying to balance here is preserving what we have and at the same time producing a product that really meets the needs. In other words, can we put the shape back in the bridge, can we line things back up, get the camber back, so that we have a project that will meet the needs of the town.
"The town has decided that they would like light-vehicle load. We are assuming that to be a three ton vehicle . . . the big issue is how do we move forward with the next [phase] of the project, putting the shape back into [the bridge] and just what the extent of the repairs [will be]."
Hoynes opened the meeting to a free ranging discussion, the opinions and concerns of the attendees were expressed. The participants were: Ray Hayes, VTrans Resident Engineer; Matt Holden of Daniels Construction; Neil Daniels; Scott Newman, VTrans; Joe Nelson, VCBS; Ron Bechard, VCBS; John Weaver, Materials Engineer, VTrans, Eric Gilbertson, Historic Division for Preservation, Warren Tripp, Transportation; Mark Canavant, Federal Highways, Design and structures engineer; Susan Scribner, VTrans; Bob McCullough, VTrans.
Cambridge, Vt. April 20 - The pedestrian ramps are finished and the openings in the bridge siding are closed temporarily against the weather with plywood and plastic sheeting. This and with the bridge standing three feet higher over the abutments, the first phase of the two phase project is complete.
The Portals of the Poland Bridge are now served with railed pedestrian ramps. The signs read: NO RECREATIONAL OR MOTOR VEHICLES ALLOWED and PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC ONLY BICYCLES MUST BE WALKED →
The ramps will serve the public until the structure restoration part of the project begins this coming fall. When the work on the bridge is completed, the roadway will be restored and light motor traffic will permitted. Until then, new signs warn: No Recreational or Motor Vehicles Allowed, Pedestrian Traffic Only, and Bicycles Must Be Walked.
There has been some anxiety that the stabilization be complete before the spring thaw following Vermont's snowiest season in years. On April 23, at 5:45 a.m., the measuring station upstream at Johnson, gauged a flow of 7230 cubic feet/second at a stage of 12.51 feet. Flood stage is 7220 cfs at 12.5 feet.
Meanwhile, Zeke Zucker of the VCBS Lamoille Chapter was watching the river level at the bridge. Said Zeke: Last evening at about 8:15 the water was within 5' 4'' of the bottom of the center of the span. Today at noon (4/23) it was running 4'10" below, but had probably been almost a foot higher at some point in between. I say this because we have used the railroad bridge, up near Tatro Construction as our reference for any high water events. Last evening the water there was just a few inches below the main girders and the mud line shows that the water came up 9" on the girders at some point. By noon the water was back down about where it had been. I suspect that we've seen the highest water and we appear to have made it through without incident. By the way, the work on the bridge looks excellent."
Johnson, VT, April 18 - The Select Board, Town officials, engineers from the Vermont Agency of Transportation, a member of Senator Jeffords' staff, and the Vermont Covered Bridge Society met at the Johnson Municipal Office to discuss the future of the Power House Covered Bridge.
The attendees were: Blaine Delisle, Selectboard and Road Commissioner; Neil Daniels, Daniels Construction, Ascutney; Willie Jewett, Road Foreman; J.B. McCarthy, VTrans Structures, Bill McKone, Vice President, VCBS; J. Jeffrey Munger, of Senator Jeffords' office; Joe Nelson, President, VCBS; Gil Newbury, VTrans District 8 Administrator; Eric T. Osgood, Selectboard Chair; Dave Pelletier, Lamoille County ; Brad Reed, Selectboard; John Weaver, VTrans Materials.
Jeff Munger told the meeting that Jeffords is working to get more money into his historic covered bridge program to help with the Power House Bridge.
Last year, the first year of the program, two covered bridges were earmarked in Vermont; the Cambridge Junction Bridge and the Union Bridge in Thetford. Two bridges had been selected for the program this year, before the Power House Bridge was lost: The Greenbanks Hollow Bridge in Danville, and the Sanderson Bridge in Brandon.
Several options for the Power House Bridge were discussed. Osgood summed them up in a written statement following the meeting: Do nothing; Install side rails on the remaining bridge deck and open it to traffic and leave it as is; Build a shell consisting of the walls and roof; Replace the remaining deck with an authentic replica without steel beams; Replace the shell consisting of the walls and roof with a structure that would allow the steel beams to be removed.
The first option apparently, is not an option."We had a petition handed in Monday night with 800 signatures on it to replace the bridge, said Osgood. "So it's pretty obvious where the town is."
The Selectboard favored the fifth option; building the sides and roof like the old structure, but design so the steel beams could be removed at a later date and the structure completed as a true covered Bridge. This option has been an acceptable alternative for the VTrans Historic Preservation Division, said McCarthy. The town feels the need to open the bridge quickly. This means opening the steel-beam supported wooden deck for traffic while the new bridge is being planned.
Osgood summarized the possible funding sources in his meeting report: "State grant; The present Covered Bridge Rehabilitation Program requiring a 5% Town match; Jeffords' securing an earmarked Federal grant with 100% funding but with possibly a construction date as late as 2003.
(For the latest status of the bridge see www.vermont-towns.org/johnson)
Thursday, March 8, 2001 - At 5:00 p.m. the Power House Covered Bridge collapsed under a roof-load of heavy wet snow. The top-structure crashed down onto the self-supporting bridge deck, the trusses thrown outward and into the Gihon River. Rescue crews rushed to clear the debris from the still-standing bridge deck, not knowing if anyone was trapped beneath it. Miraculously, no one was.
The Bridge Deck is supported by steel girders and is undamaged.. When railings are installed, said Johnson Selectboard Chairman Eric Osgood, traffic can resume using the span.
From the day of the collapse, the site has had a constant stream of visitors, many of them elderly, all of them saddened by the loss. Will the bridge be restored, many ask.
Historically, the bridge-owning towns hired a person each year whose job was to "snow the bridge," putting snow on the bridge floor so sleighs could get through. John Weaver, a Vermont Covered Bridge Society member and structural engineer for VTrans said that a person also was hired by the towns to see that the bridge roofs were kept clear of snow, but the practice died out when most bridges became roofed with metal roofs that tend to shed snow. The Power House Bridge used snow-retaining wooden shingles.
According to a History of the Town of Johnson, Vt. 1784 - 1907, a bridge was built over the Gihon River in 1870 to connect School Street with the road that became Route 100C. In those years the span was referred to as the School Street Bridge. In 1895 the incorporated village of Johnson constructed a water driven power house just above the bridge, and the span came to be known as the Power House Bridge.
The seventy-three-foot structure is a queenpost truss with massive timbers. The queenposts measure 12 by 10 inches, the diagonals 10 by 10 inches. The bridge was reconstructed in 1960, and again in 1993 because the bridge was developing a decided sag. The truss was renovated with much of the original timber replaced. Unfortunately, the bridge continued to sag, and was closed again in 1995 for further work, then again returned to service.
Westford, May 30 - With Renaud Brothers Construction on the job it looks very much like the old bridge is beginning its final lap on the journey back to its rightful place; over Browns River where it was built 165 years ago.
An entire upper chord has been replaced due to rot and powder post beetles. Also, several vertical posts, a tie beam, the portal sheathing and the roof have been renewed. The last obstacle to completion are the abutments, one of which needs to be rebuilt.
Asked for the completion schedule, Caroline Brown, Westford Historical Society president replied: "I don't have a date yet, I'll let you know ASAP. Now with all the wet weather....the abutments have to be done....! My guess at this point it will be late June or July for the move......the concrete has to set a bit!"
The journey began in February, 1987 when Westford residents called a special meeting to save the bridge and the Westford Historical Society was formed. Fourteen years ago! One can only wonder at the tenacity and dedication with which Caroline Brown and her team pursued their dream to restore this historic bridge. Congratulations!
The town of Danville has been slated to receive a $300,000 grant to repair the Greenbanks Hollow Covered Bridge. The grant was approved by the U.S. Department of Transportation under the National Covered Bridge Preservation Act. The act, authored by Senator Jim Jeffords, provides 80 percent federal funding for historic bridge reconstruction and research.
The Danville bridge is one of two Vermont bridges selected for the preservation grants this year; the other is the Sanderson Bridge in Brandon. Last year it was Thetford's Union Village Bridge and Cambridge's Poland Bridge.
The trusses that once supported the old Greenbanks Covered Bridge are to be reconstructed allowing the removal of a pier and a pair of steel girders that have provided temporary bracing for the old span since they were installed back in the 1970s. Also, the deck system and the roof will be replaced.
The bridge was inspected in October of 1994 as part of a state-wide study of Town owned covered bridges sponsored by the Vermont Agency of Transportation. The inspectors recommended that the community close the bridge to traffic and construct an adjacent bypass, or replace the bridge and move it to a nearby preservation site. The cost to replace the bridge was estimated at the time to be $315,000.
Steve White, Administrative Assistant for the Town of Danville has been tracking progress in the effort to get work started to preserve the Greenbanks Hollow Covered Bridge under the National Covered Bridge Preservation Act.
The engineering consulting firm Hoyle, Tanner Associates of Manchester, NH has been authorized by VTrans to study the bridge. "They've got them on line as consulting engineers," White said. "And we (The Town of Danville) are working right now with some easement issues. The Selectboard has given the OK to close traffic on the road during construction and to utilize the three rod right-of-way."
Project Manager Susan Scribner said that a meeting will be scheduled in two to three months, said White, when she has heard from Hoyle, Tanner and plans for the work can be completed. "They are looking for a 2002 construction season which is one summer away."
The Assignment- Working in groups of three, build a 1:24 scale model of a covered bridge in our area. (Paul Stetson, Instructor )
Kate Pellegrini - The bridge project was very interesting and integrated building the bridge in the woodshop with finding mathematical formulae, drawing and constructing a "to-scale" model. The process began back in September with a 'Vermont Covered Bridges" field trip.
Back in September, the class visited five Vermont covered bridges. Our job was to learn about each bridge by taking measurements of each covered bridge. We visited the Quinlan, Sequin, Charlotte, Shelburne Museum and the Lake Shore bridge. We found a lot of similarities and differences between the bridge's sizes, constructions, trusses, arches and materials used. Each group of two or three people blindly picked a bridge. We picked the Shelburne Museum bridge.
When we returned to school, the project was continued by deriving a formula of 1':2". Every measured chord and beam was adjusted to scale and those were the measurements that we would use for the building of the bridge.
The Shelburne Museum bridge was a two lane bridge with a gate and a covered walkway. We created several drawings of the bridge. They included a portal view, views of the floor, ceiling truss, and side arches from the point of inside the bridge. We also had a side view, top and bottom view from standing outside of the bridge.
The Shelburne Museum Bridge had a kingpost with a burr arch. To secure materials, we used a variety of methods including glue, nails, and dowels. My group members were Darin and Lindsay. We started off by building the floor of the bridge. While we nailed dowels in, we also cut the dowel pieces to size and then chiseled off the excess that stuck out of the bridge. Then we started to construct the roof truss. These pieces were a little. harder to fit properly because the middle chords ran at angles, and the chords had to be constantly sanded down to the appropriate sizes. After we built the walkway's roof truss. Next, we worked on finding the height and angles of the roof's slope. Each triangular piece had to fit at the same point as the others. Then we attached the triangular pieces on each crossing ceiling beam and then hammered varying lengths of 3/8" wood in tiered fashion as shingles across the roof.
We used many techniques to build the bridges and the bridge was constructed in multiple kingpost with a burr arch. It's finally done and it was a great project.
Lindsay Spaulding - When we started this project, we took a field trip to the Charlotte area and took measurements of all the bridges and made sketches. After we compiled all of our measurements and sketches, we selected a bridge to build.
Our "lucky" group got stuck with the Shelburne Museum bridge, one of the only double lane bridges in the state. In addition to the double lanes, our bridge also had a walking path.
Once back at school, we drew several drawings of our bridge in the scale that was decided. We drew side, front, and underneath views. We also had to draw the truss looking at it from the inside and a view looking up at the supports in the ceiling sections.
When we started the construction of our bridge, we first made the floor level. We followed the same patterns that other groups used because we couldn't get underneath the bridge to view the structure. Next, we made the ceiling section. I started on the floor boards, nailing each strip of wood to the floor structure. Kate worked on the roof trusses, while Darin began the four main trusses. We all switched back and forth and worked on different jobs.
More recently, Darin and I completed the trusses with the vertical kingposts and the corresponding diagonals. Next Darin nailed the trusses into place on the floor boards, while I finished the shingles on the roof. I worked on the weather boarding on the sides and Darin has been working on the foot path. The foot path seems to be its own little bridge in itself.
The construction of our bridge was difficult but when it was completed it didn't seem that long. With two other students working with me, all the pieces fit together making a beautiful structure.
This project was one that I'll never forget. To spend an entire semester building a covered bridge was truly amazing. The finished project is something I'll keep for a lifetime. There's more to covered bridges than just wood. Heidi Neil - The covered bridge project was good. I liked actually working on the bridges, although they took a lot of time.
I liked learning about the bridges; some of the stuff that we learned about was really interesting. I also liked going and looking at the bridges. I thought it was a good idea for us to take measurements of all the bridges. I thought that it was a good project. I really enjoyed it.
A Word From Instructor Paul Stetson - The Applied Architecture courses at Mt. Abraham use a "hands- on" approach to study the field of Architecture. In Applied Architecture I, students complete units on: Geometric Shapes in Buildings, a study of famous architects including Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Sullivan, designing a Dream House, designing a Mouse House, Structures, Roller Coasters, interior design, and Tree Houses. Students felt there was a need for a second level of the course so they approached me to develop one.
The Vermont Standards that these courses assesses include: 1.15 Speaking; 2.2 and 2.3 Problem Solving; 6.4 Historical Connections; 7.7aaa Geometric and Measurement concepts; and 7.19 Designing Solutions. This is the first year the Applied Architecture II class is being offered. I have always had an interest in the design and history of covered bridges and felt this would be a good topic to explore. I also wanted to combine drawing and design work with the actual building of scale models.
The Covered Bridge unit began with a discussion of the essential questions: Why were bridges covered? What is the Vermont folklore about covered bridges? How are covered bridges built? How many covered bridges are left in Vermont?
We next discussed the vocabulary related to covered bridges. This included names of building members and tools used. We also studied the different truss systems used in the bridges. Many thanks to Joe Nelson and Ed Barna for the information they included in their books on covered bridges.
In early September we took an all day field trip to the five covered bridges in the Shelburne, Charlotte, Ferrisburgh area. Students were divided into groups of three and were given tape measures and paper. They proceeded to sketch and measure each building member in the five bridges we visited. On the way back to school we had a drawing to see which group would build which bridge.
The next few class periods (80 minute blocks), students worked on a set of drawings for their bridge. Using a scale of 1:24, they drew the floor system from underneath the bridge, the truss used to support the bridge drawn from inside the bridge, the exterior side of the bridge, the portal opening, and the ceiling framework drawn looking up while standing on the bridge.
Once the drawings were complete, we moved the class to the wood-shop and began the construction of the bridges. Students were taught the safety rules of the shop and how to operate the machines. They wanted to make the models as authentic as possible so they pinned many of the pieces together using small dowels.
The students deserve a lot of credit for working through problems in construction. Through this unit, they learned the history and construction techniques of building covered bridges. Many students commented on how hard it must have been to build these bridges at full scale. They also learned to work together as a team to create some very impressive models.
(This article was edited to fit the limited space in the newsletter. For the complete story with photos, see www.vermontbridges,com/abraham.htm - Editor)
By Patricia Breakey; Oneonta Daily Star - Delhi News Bureau* Delhi, NY - Delaware County's deputy commissioner of public works admits he's obsessed with covered bridges.
Phillip C. Pierce engineered the restoration of the Hamden Covered Bridge, which is in the final stages, and he has begun work on Fitch's Bridge in Delhi.
Fitch's Bridge, which spans the West Branch of the Delaware River, above Delhi, off state Route 10, closed Wednesday [Jan. 17] and will remain closed until the restoration is complete. Pierce said if the county's bridge crew could work on the project full time, the project could be completed in about four months, but because of other bridge projects, the bridge probably won't be completed until late summer or early fall.
Pierce left the private sector to go to work for Delaware County in October 1999. He said he was enticed by a promise that he could work on the restoration of the county's covered bridges.
"For the last seven or eight years I have been obsessed with covered bridge work," Pierce said. "Or maybe its actually more of a passion."
Pierce has 30 years of experience with bridge engineering, but in the early 1990s, the company he was working for, McFarland-Johnson Inc. in Binghamton, was hired by the Vermont Agency of Transportation to do a comprehensive study of all of Vermont's 75 covered bridges. Pierce conducted the study, wrote up the reports and found himself hooked on covered bridges.
Pierce and Wayne Reynolds, Delaware County DPW commissioner, both worked for McFarland-Johnson 10 years ago and have been friends since. When Delaware County needed a bridge expert, Reynolds knew who to call.
Fitch's Bridge is a Town Lattice truss bridge. The design was patented in 1820 by builder/architect Ithiel Town. The design consists of a horizontal top and bottom chord connected by a web of closely spaced, alternating diagonal timbers. The design, with its inherent strength coupled with its ease of construction, made the Town lattice truss design a popular design for highway and early railroad bridges until the post Civil War era.
Pierce said that former Delaware County Historian John Raitt supplied him with the history of Fitch's Bridge, which was built in 1870 by James Frazier and Jasper Warren at a cost of $1,970. The single-span bridge of 100 feet originally spanned the river in the village at Bridge Street and was moved to its present location in 1885.
The bridge was listed on the Historic Register on April 29, 1999, through the efforts of Trish Kane.
The work on Fitch's Bridge will begin with a unique study to determine how the structure behaves. Reynolds said the nondestructive testing involves attaching diagnostic equipment to the low chord of the bridge, which will produce a mathematical model to make sure the plans are accurate. "Electrical devices will monitor the bridge as a known weight travels across it," Reynolds said.
Pierce said the testing is the first of its type to be done. After the testing is complete, a temporary structure will be assembled inside the bridge to support it during the restoration process. A few changes will be made in the bridge to bring it back to its original state.
"The bridge must have been longer when it was at the original site," Pierce said. "The truss was modified to make it fit, which splayed the lattice closer together at the ends. The new trusses will be 8 feet longer, which will mean recasting part of the abutment so the lattice will be parallel. The buttresses, which I call elephant ears, aren't original and won't be replaced."
The top chord of the bridge will be preserved, but the two bottom chords and the flooring are all junk, according to Pierce. When the bridge is complete it will still have 80 percent of its original material.
The chords will be Southern pine and the rest of the new wood will be Douglas fir. Pierce said he thinks the bridge was originally constructed of local hemlock. The roof will be wood shingles.
Pierce has been selected by the Federal Highway Administration to be the principle investigator for a new research project and will prepare an all-encompassing covered-bridge manual to be published by the federal government. He said he plans to use knowledge garnered from his work on the restoration of two of Delaware County's three historic covered bridges in the manual.
For more information about Pierce's covered bridge projects, visit his website at www.philsbridges.com on the Internet.
There is also extensive information about projects Pierce was involved with in Vermont and about the renovation of the Hamden Covered Bridge at www.vermontbridges.com.
The New York Covered Bridge Society's website has photos of the Delaware County bridges before they were restored at www.nycoveredbridges.org.
(Copyright 2001, Oneonta Daily Star. This article appears here with the kind permission of the Oneonta Daily Star for which we of the Vermont Covered Bridge Society are grateful. Mr. Pierce is a Life Member of the Vermont Covered Bridge Society - Editor)
The Vermont Covered Bridge Society has been assigned a booth at the Vermont Historical
Society sponsored Expo 2001 to be held at the Tunbridge Fairgrounds June 23 and 24.
by Trish Kane
The tents are ordered, the speakers have responded, the band is warming up and sunshine has been requested, all in preparation for the dedication of the restored Hamden Covered Bridge! The Town of Hamden is busy making plans for this special occasion, on Saturday, July 28, 2001. Although there is still much to do, here are some highlights of the day:
The ceremony will begin at 11:00 a.m. and will be held on the bridge, which will be closed to traffic that day. Special guest speakers will be Congressman Sherwood Boehlert and Senator John Bonacic. Representatives from various covered bridge societies will also give brief remarks. The New York State Covered Bridge Society, Theodore Burr Covered Bridge Society, Vermont Covered Bridge Society, The Bridge- Covered, and National Society for the Preservation of Covered Bridges will all participate.
Covered bridge enthusiasts will have the opportunity to learn more about the Hamden Covered Bridge from the Hamden Community and Historical Association and to purchase covered bridge items and memorabilia from the many organizations and crafters in attendance. And of course, for those who get hungry, food vendors will be plentiful and a delicious chicken BBQ will be sponsored by the Hamden Community and Historical Association. Plenty of parking will be available on the east side of the bridge via the Town of DeLancey. Watch for parking signs to assist you.
We hope you will join the Town of Hamden and covered bridge enthusiasts on July 28 for this exciting historic event.
If you are planning to attend and you need overnight accommodations, make your
reservations ASAP. Try the following:
Newsletter Editor: Requirements; Computer with e-mail address.
Duties: Collect stories, edit, and compose the quarterly issues of The Bridger.
Staff writer: Requirements: Computer with e-mail address.
Correspondents: Duties: Collect covered bridge stories from their home areas or travels and send them to the editor.
Crafts Committee: To design covered bridge greeting cards, Christmas cards, post cards and stationary, then oversee the manufacture and distribution of the products for the purpose of funding covered bridge preservation.
Candidates please contact Secretary Ruth Nelson, 2 Sugar Hill Road, Underhill, VT 05489, or email@example.com
Dear Fellow CB Enthusiast,
We are deeply saddened to announce the death of George R. Enos, 72, longtime treasurer of the OHBA, who passed away April 5, 2001 after a long battle with cancer. George was elected treasurer of the OHBA in 1975 and performed his duties willingly and well until the end of his life. A little over two weeks before his death he was present at the March meeting and read his treasurer's report. His last act for the OHBA, just days before his death, was to get the membership cards in order and help prepare the mailing list for this issue of BBB. George was a fine man and all of you who attend our meetings and picnics will remember him. Our deepest sympathy to his widow, Jeri, and their family.
(Mr. Crouse is a member of the OHBA and of the VCBS - Editor)
Joe Nelson, P.O Box 267, Jericho, VT 05465-0267, firstname.lastname@example.org
No part of this web site may be reproduced without the written permission of Joseph C.